Ciprofloxacin, a drug belonging to the fluoroquinolone drug class, is a synthetic chemotherapeutic antibiotic which kills bacteria by altering the enzymes that make DNA to rewind on being replicated. This halts the synthesis of the DNA and thus the protein. The drug is sold across the globe under many brand names such as Ciloxan, Cipro, Baycip and Procifor in the UK, US and Canada and as Ciprex in Asia and Spain. There are twelve human Ciprofloxacin uses approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as well as a number of several veterinary uses. However, many people exploit the versatility of the drug for off-label uses.
Ciprofloxacin is used in the treatment of a number of infections. Ciprofloxacin uses include:
Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): The drug is considered the best standard of treatment for Urinary Tract Infections. It performs this task by stopping the growth of the protein that bacteria require to reproduce. With bacteria population on the decline, the UTI heals gradually.
Treatment of Sinusitis: Sinusitis is a common condition in which the victim’s sinuses become infected. Many doctors use Ciprofloxacin in treating both chronic sinusitis and acute sinusitis.
Treatment for inhaled anthrax: Since the 1991 September terrorist attacks, Ciprofloxacin has been widely embraced as the first line treatment for inhaled anthrax.
Pediatric use: Ciprofloxacin can be used to treat many common infections in children. However, this should only be done as a last resort as it can cause sever damage to their musculoskeletal system. It is thus limited to treatment of complicated UTIs and Pyelonephritis.
Treatment of uncomplicated cervical and urethra gonorrhea: Ciprofloxacin has the ability to treat these complications, though this is limited in some areas. Areas marred by bacterial resistance such as parts of Asia and North America can’t benefit from this use of the drug.
Another of the many Ciprofloxacin uses is that it is used in treatment of numerous infections such as:
Chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by Proteus mirabilis or Eschericia coli.
Acute Uncomplicated Cystisis (in females) which is caused by Escheria coli or Staphylococcus saprophyticus.
Lower respiratory tract infections
Skin and skin structure infections caused by bacteria such as Eschericia coli, Klebsiells pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus Valgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Citrobacter freundii among other bacterial species.
Bone and joint infections brought about by Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Serratia marcescens.
Infectious diarrhea caused by Escheria coli, Campylobacter jejuni, Shigella dysentriae or Shigella sonnei.
However, users ought to note that treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and tuberculosis are not among the Ciprofloxacin uses. Users should also note that the drug has its own share of severe side effects. For this reason, FDA added a pair of black box warnings to the drug due to the spontaneous tendon ruptures and the probability of the drug to worsen myathenia gravitis symptoms, including breathing problems and weakness of muscles. However, these shortcomings do not take away the fact that Ciprofloxacin uses are many and highly beneficial. The only point of caution is that in a number of cases it is not the recommended first-line choice for an antibiotic.